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International Journal of Modern Agriculture ISSN 2305-7246




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Characterization and utilization of psyllium husk for the preparation of dietetic cookies


Tahira Batool Qaisrani1, Masood Sadiq Butt2, Safdar Hussain1 and Muhammad Ibrahim


1The Ghazi University, Dera Ghazi Khan, Pakistan

2National Institute of Food Science and Technology, University of Agriculture Faisalabad, Pakistan

*Corresponding author (e-mail:



Present research was carried out to characterize and utilize psyllium husk for preparation of dietetic cookies. Straight grade flour was replaced with psyllium husk in different combinations @ 5, 10, 15, 20 and 25%. Regarding characterization of psyllium husk, mean values obtained for moisture, ash, crude protein, crude fat, crude fiber and nitrogen free extract (NFE) in husk were 6.430.05, 3.850.04, 2.080.06, 0.090.01, 3.830.02 and 83.720.08%, respectively. Moreover, total dietary fiber and arabinoxylan content were 76.631.32 and 46.712.14%, respectively. Physical characteristics of dietetic cookies i.e. diameter and spread ratio were diminished with the addition of husk while thickness was increased. Results regarding storage of the cookies showed increase in diameter and spread ratio whilst thickness depicted decreasing trend. Chemical assay revealed higher crude protein content in control cookies. Whereas, moisture, ash, crude fiber, NFE along with dietary fiber and arabinoxylan contents were higher in psyllium husk based cookies. Softer cookies with low gross energy were obtained with the addition of psyllium husk. Conclusively, psyllium husk based cookies showed gradual enhancement in dietary fiber content as the amount of husk was increased in the recipe. The resultant cookies may have potential to manage the lipid profile and glucose concentrations in human subjects.







Ghulam Murtaza1, Ehsanullah2, Ali Zohaib2, Sajid Hussain3, Tassadduq Rasool*, 2, Haroon Shehzad4


1Department of Environmental Sciences, GC University, Faisalabad, 38000 (Pakistan)

2Department of Agronomy, University of agriculture, Faisalabad, 38040 (Pakistan)

3Department of Soil Science, University College of Agriculture, Sargodha, 40100 (Pakistan)

4Institute of Soil and Environmental Sciences, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad, 38040 (Pakistan)

*Corresponding author (e-mail:



A field experiment was conducted to evaluate the effect of Rhizobium seed inoculation (no inoculation and seed inoculation) and different levels of phosphorus (0, 30, 60, 90 and 120 kg ha-1) on growth, yield and quality of mashbean (Vigna mungo L.) at Agronomic Research area, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad. The inoculation and different levels of phosphorus significantly affected all the growth and yield attributes. Seed inoculation of mashbean along with 120 kg ha-1 phosphorus application showed highest plant height, number of pods per plant, number of seeds per pod, 1000-grain weight, grain and biological yield of mashbean. The protein content of mashbean was not affected significantly by seed inoculation and different levels of phosphorus. The study reveals that Rhizobium seed inoculation and phosphorus application at the rate of 120 kg ha-1 enhances the performance of mashbean and should be used for the betterment of crop productivity.





Performance of Maize (Zea mays L.) Yield Attributes under Various Tillage Strategies


Muhammad Aqeel Shah1, Shahbaz Khan2,*, Sadia Bibi1, Saif Ullah1, Mohsin Khan3, Zeshan Aslam1 and Muhammad Imran1


1Institute of Soil and Environmental Sciences, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad, Pakistan.

2Department of Crop Physiology, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad, Pakistan.

3Department of Agricultural Sciences, Allama Iqbal Open University, Islamabad, Pakistan.

*Corresponding author (e-mail:



Tillage is one of the most important practices in agriculture which is done mainly to mix the soil with organic residues and fertilizers, to control weeds, loosen the upper layer of soil, and to create a suitable seedbed for germination and plant growth. The present study was conducted in 2011-2012 at research area of soil and environmental sciences, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad in randomized complete block design (RCBD) having three treatments of minimum tillage (MT), conventional tillage (CT) and deep tillage (DT) with three replicates to evaluate the performance of Maize (Zea mays L.) yield attributes and absorption of different nutrients under various tillage strategies. Maximum effect of tillage practices was observed in the CT and DT that gives the maximum number of leaves, plant height, plant biomass as well as straw yield. The effect of different tillage practices on the harvest index of maize crop was significant. The grain yield of maize was more in case of DT (7.24 ton ha-1) as compared to CT (7.22 ton ha-1) and MT (6.44 ton ha-1). Deep tillage showed better results with reference to performance of maize crop as compared to conventional and minimum tillage.









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